Andy Warhol (real name Andrew Warhola), was an American artist. As one of the most important pioneers of Pop Art he remained at the forefront of the movement throughout his life. He was born on the 6th of August 1928 in Pittsburgh, Pensylvania, and died the 22nd of February 1987 in New York. Warhol is known worldwide for his paintings, musical productions, filmography as well as his relationship with the rich and famous. Though his work was controversial, Warhol has gone down in history as one of the greatest artists of the XXth century.
His work really started to gain distinguishable interest in the sixties. During all the important events that took place over this decade, it is essential to remember: the Americo-Vietnamese war, the cultural revolution in China, the Prague Spring, the Algerian war, the decolonialization of Africa, the assassination of J. F. Kennedy, May ’68, Woodstock, the missile crisis in Cuba, Rock’n Roll, the hippie movement, and in ’69 the first man on the moon. It is not astonishing that such a revolutionary decade produced an art movement of the same nature.
Pop Art is an artistic movement that originated in Great Britain in the mid-fifties, under the impulse of Richard Hamilton and Eduardo Paolozzi. A little later, in the early sixties, Pop Art emerges in America with Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Robert Rauschenberg and even Jasper Johns. By aggressively questioning the evermore normalized mass consumption of their generation, the American strand succeeded in obtaining the popularity the movement knows today. Their point was to present art as if it were just another product created for one’s consumption, much like a tin of Campbell’s tomato soup.